Is India Leading the Digital Revolution in 2019?


Today, India is – Digital India, all thanks to our Indian Prime Minister – Narendra Modi

This campaign has enabled the country to strengthen its digital power in the field of technology. The regulated Indian government has justified its decision to make the availability of government services available electronically. The improved online infrastructure and the extension of Internet connectivity have facilitated the work of citizens. In 25 years, many changes have taken place in India, which is driving the digital revolution. The level of poverty in India increased from 22% in 2012 to 16% in 2019, even after the essential growth of the population.

Introduction to the 2019 digital revolution

The digital revolution is about development for a better future. This change can have an influential impact in different ways on different societies, economies and especially on humanity.

In addition, digitization has also changed the way information is scattered across different parts of the globe. Give businesses the means to go beyond national markets to other markets, thus leading international markets to a strengthening of the world's interconnectedness.

One of the signs of these fluctuating flows is the digital revolution in India, which has become increasingly interested since 4G smartphones and streaming have become commonplace in urban areas, including in many rural areas. There are more than 200 million smartphone users and 550 million Internet subscribers in India in 2019. This trend is reinforced by a large movement of rural to urban population, while poor villagers are exploring the opportunities in advanced cities of India.

Starting in 2014, the Indian government took an active part in digitization through various measures. Demonetisation is an example. It has drawn the attention of the international community to short-term job losses and the economic slowdown. However, this also shows that government authorities are complying with the digital transformation of India.

Regarding the factors of the digital revolution from 2014, India has taken another dimension, our Indian government has taken various digital initiatives such as electronic payment, digital culture and many others. .

Government Digital Initiatives

India has made great progress in becoming a key driver of the global economy. We are on the verge of a transformational opportunity for the country to gain global leadership. The country is experiencing a digital revolution that is driving changes in areas such as electronic payments, digital literacy, financial inclusion, geographic mapping, rural development, and so on. So, let us discuss all the factors that have been updated from 2014 to 2019.

  • GI Cloud Program

This program is also known as Meghraj, it is initiated by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology. The program aims to create a multilevel national cloud sharing base that offers affordable, secure and secure data storage for all. The cloud is erasing financial boundaries and generating growth through services and products. Provide affordable options for owning the expensive hardware needed for data storage. It's a powerful catalyst for new businesses, new businesses and non-profit organizations.

This initiative is more focused on the poor and the disadvantaged. Aims to make digital service more people who are not usually ready to enter the digital world. Accessing digital services can play a significant role in the fight against poverty.

  • Market changes

The government's strategy is not the only driving force behind the digital revolution in India. Changes in consumer refinement and function are at the center of the movement. India is now the largest YouTube audience per country in the world. In addition, the huge streaming habits of the Indians are worth another ranking compared to the monthly usage of the data, with smartphone users having an average of 8.48 gigabytes per month.

Already, many are expecting new opportunities with the growing streaming project in India. The global powers Google, Facebook, Amazon and Netflix would all compete for a position in this emerging industry.

  • Online work

Now, it's something that everyone does not know about it. This very gracious initiative of the Indian Government. The Online Labor Index (OLI) indicates that India accounts for 24% of the online labor market share (from 2017), thereby generating employment opportunities for software developers, data entry, online salespeople and creative professionals.

  • E-commerce

There are various job opportunities in the logistics industry as e-commerce is expanding and offering new services from a vendor perspective. It is expected that in 2020, the e-commerce market will grow from 2,484.9 billion rupees to an annual rate of 51%, to Rs 8,526.5 billion in 2017. In addition, it offers a potential for warehouse management jobs, content developers and marketing professionals.

  • Investment sector

With the digital revolution, sectors such as equities, mutual funds and other securities will grow increasingly open to the crowd. It will not be a thought reserved for urban states.

Think that today, even small villagers, just by a few phone calls, can invest in companies in the market. The digital revolution is also applicable to the mutual fund industry. There are various options for more active digital verification of KYC in mutual funds. Nowadays, mutual funds are available online and one can easily apply their form or application. Get KYC completed with 5-10 minutes.

  • Aggregator model

Digital markets have grown to allow India to have an important blue-collar army. The emergence of aggregated technology-enabled trade rules in areas such as taxi services, food delivery, hotel reservations and home care specialists has created new jobs in India.

  • Technological start-ups

The digital revolution has provided a great opportunity for digital markets because many start-ups are creating employment opportunities. The number of new technology companies in India has increased by 12 to 15% over the 2014-2019 period, increasing the need for new jobs in the areas of Big Data, analytics and cloud computing. .

In addition, jobs in the areas of cybersecurity, social media services and mobile application development have proliferated.

The government led by Prime Minister Modi has highlighted the considerable potential of start-ups to transform the economy and enable technology-driven conversion. In addition to favorable policies, the government will attempt to examine more ideas to increase the participation of Indian startups in digital conversion. Today, there are about 21,000 startups in India, of which about 9,000 are technology startups. Many of them are unicorns and represent a cost of over a billion dollars.

  • Make in India and Digital India programs

The adoption of technologies such as cloud platforms and applications has significantly added to our digital momentum. The Make in India and Digital India programs have now chosen the cloud and other digital disrupters to help develop a whole new nation. The cloud is an open solution for fast-growing economies. India is helping to remove barriers to expensive technology and to create new services. In addition, products supporting small businesses, start-ups and non-profit organizations.

In addition, it enables collaboration and knowledge-sharing between universities, business NGOs, and huge bands of the Indian population that will benefit our farmers, rural entrepreneurs, and artisans.

  • Education Sector

Education is always the first initiative and aims the government. There are several systems in the education sector. Let's discuss them one by one.

  1. SWAYAM- Its complete form is Study Webs of active learning for aspiring young minds. This scheme has been defined to achieve the 3 main sources of education policy that are access, equity and quality. This digital system not only brings education to the door of many students, it also tries to narrow the digital divide, because students who can not access regular or formal education can access to this application. This program gives students the opportunity to take courses taught in classrooms ranging from ninth to postgraduate, which can be given by anybody, anywhere and anytime when .
  2. e-PATHSHALA- This digital system broadcasts all the educational content of the website and the mobile application. This program was initiated by the Ministry of Human Resources Development, the Government of India and the National Council for Education Research and Training.
  3. Midday meal monitoring app / Shaala Sidhi / Shaala Darpan- Three of them focus on the quality of school administration and evaluate schools and Kendriya Vidyalas to improve the status of education.
  4. OLABS- Online labs promote research skills for laboratory experiments in schools and provide students with the security of conducting experiments on the Internet.
  5. For higher education, the government has the national portal of scholarships, eGranthalya and national knowledge network.

These digital actions not only aim to develop the education sector, but also aim at providing education to the poor, taking advantage of the digital revolution to bridge the gap between the haves and have-nots of education. .

  • Rural Adult Digital Literacy Program

About 15 crore of rural households do not have a computer. A significant number of these households will likely be uneducated numerically.

Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA) b of Pradhan Mantri Grameen Digital will cover 6 crore households located in rural areas to be digitally educated.

  • Health services

The health sector is indispensable for a safe and healthy future for society. AIIMS Digital A plan that aims to establish an effective interrelationship between UIDAI and AIIMS. The system of "electronic hospitals", that is, an open source health management system.

  • Agricultural sector

When India becomes digital, our farmers benefit as well. Some of the systems in the agricultural sector include:

  1. Mkisan

  2. peasant portal

  3. Kisan Suvidha app

  4. Pusa Krishi

  5. Ground health card application

  6. at Am

  7. Mobile APP for crop insurance

  8. Agri Market Application

  9. Fertilizer monitoring application

  • Women's safety

With regard to women's safety, applications such as "Nirbhaya Application" and "Himmat Application" have been launched to facilitate the sending of distress calls. Nirbhaya is a mobile phone application created by the Uttar Pradesh Indian Police and created to improve women's safety. Delhi police, in their initiative for women's safety, has launched a mobile app called HIMMAT (Courage).

  • Introduction of the GST (Goods and Services Tax)

GDP growth due to the GST. This has reduced tax rates, eliminated the imposition of multiple points and generated income. Essentially, a uniform tax system has made India a common market and has developed trade, business and exports.

  • E-payments

The Bharat interface for the unified money payment interface (BHIM UPI), which has generated more than 600 million sales in 2019 alone, brings together all banks and all consumers. Numerous national and international digital programs are facing it. Paytm, Google Pay, Amazon Pay, etc. define all their levels in the world of digitization.

  • Means of identification as a resident of India

The Indian government has recently decided to ensure that no Indian remains without a single identity. Today, 99% of Indian adults have an Aadhaar identification number. The government has also interconnected the status system with bank accounts and mobile phone numbers, appearing in the trinity JAM (Jan Dhan-Aadhaar-mobile phone). JAM has changed the fundamental digital design by introducing global economic inclusion.

Challenges for the future

As the fastest growing economy in the world, India's main challenge is to ensure the proper distribution of this growth over income levels. Digital technology offers the highest potential to narrow the gap between rich and poor customers.

But suggests that building global digital economies requires the combined action of governments, industry, financiers and civil society. As the government appears to be progressing, the way the private sector and global technology companies compete with growth in India remains recognized.

What we are seeing are the real changes that the digital revolution in India is holding back to the country's economic growth. If this remains, India should consider a significant reduction in the overall poverty rate that accompanies economic development.


Since 2014, a series of policy dimensions such as Digital India, Skill India, Make in India, Startup India and Smart Cities have been revealed, while eliminating red tape and making the country more secure. India has jumped to digital conversion. Its advantages to take advantage of digital technologies to change the governance and life of every Indian.


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