Cosmetic regulation is a misnomer. The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDA) was established in 1938 and is the designated government agency that should control the cosmetic industry as well as the food and pharmaceutical industries. However, although he does a fair job in food and drugs, he has practically turned his back on cosmetics and allows him to rule himself.
Cosmetics have a very rich history and from the time of the Egyptians to the present day, the obsession with clear and beautiful skin has helped this industry to grow and prosper to over 50 billion people. dollars per year. The cosmetics industry, in all countries, is controlled by government bodies and agencies. These agencies are presumably in place for the purpose of keeping an eye on the quality of the cosmetic products that are produced. The cosmetic regulation of the personal care products that are produced is the primary responsibility of these organizations. Therefore, in theory, at best, the US regulation of personal care products belongs to the FDA.
The question is, does the FDA really regulate or govern the cosmetic industry ?.
The regulations framed by the FDA are quite similar to those in other countries, but they have some unique characteristics. Although one of the functions of the FDA is to regulate the cosmetics industry, it places more emphasis on the regulation of food and drugs. For drugs made in the United States, before they are placed on the market, they will need the necessary certification from the FDA. However, since personal care products are not considered foods or drugs, they do not require any prior certification from the FDA or any other governing body before they are introduced to the market. In fact, the FDA relies solely on the discretion of cosmetic companies to determine the safety of products marketed to consumers. If the cosmetics company declares its new product to be safe, it is allowed to be released to the market without any pre-market testing. Therefore, in fact, cosmetic regulation is left to the cosmetic companies and therefore is a self-regulated industry.
The following are direct quotes from the FDA website:
"Cosmetic products and ingredients are not subject to the FDA pre-market approval authority, with the exception of colorants."
"Cosmetics companies are responsible for proving the safety of their products and ingredients before they go to market."
According to the FDA, there are specific definitions for cosmetics and drugs and you have to go through them first to understand the fine difference that exists. Cosmetics are the items that are sprinkled, poured, applied, or rubbed onto the body to cleanse, promote, beautify, or even change its appearance. Some of the products that fall into this category are perfumes, hair dyes, toothpastes, lipsticks, eye and face makeup, shampoos, nail polish, skin moisturizers, perms, and deodorants. It even includes ingredients that can be used as a component to make cosmetic products.
Regarding these ingredients used in the manufacture of personal care products, there is another law known as the Substances Control Act of 1976. This law provided for grandfathered rights over 62,000 chemicals existing until 1976. Of all new chemicals submitted for approval, their record indicates that over 80% are approved within three weeks and only five chemicals are known to have been restricted or banned. It should also be made known that no prior testing on animals and / or humans is required before submitting a chemical for approval. Meanwhile, in Europe, the European Union has banned more than 1,100 toxic ingredients used in the manufacture of cosmetics. Now, with that in mind, let's apply this knowledge to the FDA and its oversight, or lack thereof, to the cosmetic industry.
We know the FDA is putting the cosmetics industry in control. In fact, if cosmetic companies don't even have to register with the FDA, and if those companies aren't required to get FDA approval for new products? on the market, and if these companies do not have to identify the ingredients used in the manufacture of their personal care products, and if these ingredients can be approved by The Substance Control Act of 1976 within three weeks without any prior notice. -test, then it's safe to say that the only conclusion to come is that the cosmetics industry is out of control. After all, if no one is in control of the cosmetics companies, then it stands to reason that the industry is out of control. Its interests lie in sales and profits, not in the welfare of their consumers. Cosmetic regulations are virtually non-existent and, therefore, place the burden of safety directly on the shoulders of consumers. The toxic ingredients in cosmetics have been discussed at length in some of my previous articles. The consumer should read labels and research the ingredients themselves to ensure product safety and not rely on any government agency for the regulation of personal care products.